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I was born in Berlin in 1923 and died in the United States in March, 2008.

In 1935, anti-Semitic legislation forced my family to escape from Germany to the safety of the United States.

When WWII interupted my mathematics studies, I served as a meteorologist for the Army Air Corps.

As an early pioneer studying the impact of artificial intelligence, I created ELIZA, a computer program that simulated human communication...to the point that I became scared at the level of engagement of people participating in my experiements (i.e. they thought the computer was actually conversing with them).

Some powerful arguments and my social criticism towards technology in my book Computer Power and Human Reason (1976) created a lasting schism between the A.I. community and myself.

Answer: Joseph Weizenbaum (1923-2008)