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After working 14 years as an English lawyer, I became a Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge.

I published 967 mathematical papers, with my output rivaling that of Euler or Cauchy.

I invented the theory of matrices, though the rectangular structure had been known since 2000 B.C. in China.

I also created the idea of multi-dimensional abstract geometry involving curves and surfaces.

My other mathematical discoveries include invariant theory, symmetric functions, integral functions, noncommutative group theory, periodic functions, and even some topics in applied mathematics.

I had a world-wide reputation for having an "unending" encyclopaedic knowledge of mathematics.

Answer: Arthur Cayley (1821 - 1895)