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I am primarily known in the art world for my 70+ paintings, 100+ engravings, 250+ woodcuts, and 1000+ drawings.

I was the first artist from Northern Europe to apply scientific principles (e.g. perspective) to pictorial representation.

In a treatise on geometry, I covered ideas such as linear geometry, applications of geometry to architecture, engineering, decoration, and typography.

My Treatise on Human Proportion used mathematics to establish proportional relations of human growth and body shape (i.e. now known as scientific anthropometry).

My most recognized mathematical work is Melencolia I, which includes considerable mathematics such as a magic square in the upper right-hand corner:

Answer: Albrecht Durer (1471 - 1528)