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Born in Berlin as the daughter of a newspaper reporter and a bookkeeper, I learned to read and write faster than most children...skipped a few grades...and earned scholarships so I could attend a private school.

I studied mathematics, philosophy, and physics at the University of Berlin in the 1920s, but faced gender discrimination issues.

Unable to afford my studies or writing a thesis plus knowing it was almost impossible for a woman to get a research position, I abondoned my efforts to get a Ph.D. and decided to teach high school mathematics instead.

But, when Hitler rose to power in Germany, I was fired from my teaching position because I was Jewish...then emigrated to Denmark with Werner, a former fellow student whom I eventually married.

In Denmark, I worked ten years for a Danish mathematics professor, but in 1943 when Germany occupied Denmark, my husband and I (and my 3-year-old son) escaped to Sweden.

At the end of the war, we returned to Demark, where I became a lecturer at Aarhus University.

All of my research contributions in mathematics were in the area of finite nonabelian groups, publishing multiple papers.

Answer: Kate Sperling Fenchel (1905 - 1983)