Raised in West Virginia, I earned a ScM degree at Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon University) and began my Ph.D. work in statistics at Princeton University under Samuel Wilks and John Tukey.
During WWII, I worked in Samuel Wilks's Statistical Research Group that focused on statistical questions regarding airborne bombing situations.
With a Ph.D. in hand, I was hired by Harvard University's Department of Social Relations and eventually founded Harvard's Department of Statistics and served as its first chairman.
My mathematical focus was research evaluation and synthesis, especially in medicine and public health,...and wrote over 50 books and more than 350 papers involving about 200 coauthors.
With David Wallace, we used Bayesian data analysis to resolve the historical problem of who wrote the disputed Federalist papers, Madison or Hamilton...with our argument published in Time magazine in 1964.
Two things that people consider odd...I used four different offices simultaneously in the Harvard statistics department...and as a writer, insisted on doing up to fifteen drafts of a paper or book chapter before showing it to his colleagues and then additional drafts before submission of it to a journal.
An avid fan of the Boston Red Sox, I used mathematics to investigate how the Red Sox lost the 1946 World Series.
Charles Frederick Mosteller (1916 - 2006)