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Sickly as a child, I was tutored at home...and learned mathematics from mathematician William Holder who married my sister Susanna.

After graduating from Wadham College (Oxford) and serving as a fellow of All Souls College, I was appointed Professor of Astronomy at Gresham College, London....provided with some rooms and a stipend under the requirement that I give free weekly lectures in both Latin and English to anyone wishing to attend.

Meeting regularly for discussions with other scientists and scholars, we eventually formed the esteemed Royal Society.

Though discovering key results in mechanics, astronomy, and biology, I also contributed to mathematics by finding the length of an arc of the cycloid using an exhaustion proof.

My real claim to fame is as an architect, being responsible for rebuilding 51 churches in the City of London after the Great Fire in 1666, including St. Paul's Cathedral.

Answer: Christopher Wren (1632 1723)