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The son of soldier, I entered the École Polytechnique in Paris; immediately, professors took notice of my mental acuity.

By age 18, I had published two papers....one on Étienne Bézout's method of elimination, the other on the number of integrals of a finite difference equation.

The esteemed Lagrange was my mathematical advisor, while Pierre-Simon Laplace treated me as if his son.

Known to be a respected teacher of mathematics (and lecturer who filled Fourier's vacated professorship), I published more than three hundred papers on pure mathematics, applied mathematics, and mathematical physics.

My eponymic fame is tied to a distribution that expresses the probability of a given number of events occurring over a fixed interval of time, given these events occur with a known average rate and are independent of the time since the last event.

My real fame lies in the area of celectial mechanics and the theory of electricity and magnetism...some claim I virtually created a new branch of mathematical physics.

Answer: Siméon Denis Poisson (1781 - 1840)