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Born into a respected, aristocratic British family, my life as a youth was very lonely...my only interests were religion and mathematics, and only my wish to know more mathematics kept me from suicide.

Winning a scholarship to study at Trinity College, Cambridge, I became acquainted with G.E. Moore and Alfred North Whitehead (my future collaborator).

Early in my teaching career, I did an intensive study of the foundations of mathematics, discovering my eponymic paradox as a challenge to the foundations of set theory.

I am credited as being a founder of analytic philosophy, an extension of my deep interest in the works of Gottfried Leibniz.

Overall, I wrote a ton of papers and books in every major area of philosophy, focusing on metaphysics, the logic and the philosophy of mathematics, the philosophy of language, theory of knowledge, ethics, and epistemology.

During the First World War, I was part of a small group of intellectuals who engaged in pacifist activities, leading eventually to a conviction (six months in prison) and dismissal from Trinity College.

Answer: Bertrand Russell (1872 - 1970)