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Born in New York City, I received a B.S. in physics and mathematics from Oberlin College.

Later, at Princeton University, I earned a M.S. in mathematical logic and Ph.D. in statistics.

I taught mathematics and biostatistics at Lehigh University, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Chicago.

I revolutionized the growing practice of clinical medical trials, pioneering the use of randomization over well-meaning doctor-assigned treatments.

With Ed Kaplan, I helped create an estimator that proved successful in estimating survival rates for patients undergoing a medical treatment.

I was given many honors for my work connecting statistics and medical research: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Royal Statistical Society, the John Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences.

Answer: Paul Meier (1924 - 2011)