Born in France, I was raised for a long period of time in England...then studied at the École Normale Supérieure, where André Weil was a fellowstudent.
I served in the French Army during part of World War II, but became impatient as a math professor waiting for the liberation of France.
After holding professorships in Brazil and France, I taught at the University of Michigan and Northwestern University.
Eventually, I returned to France to help found the Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques and teach at the University of Nice until 1970.
My mathematical research areas were abstract algebra and functional analysis, but I also specialized in the history of mathematics.
In 1934, I became a member of the group of "normaliens" convened by Weil, which later become "Bourbaki," plus I was one of their primary textbook authors.
Some felt I was an elitist, as I defined a mathematician as "someone who has published the proof of at least one nontrivial theorem."
Answer:
Jean Dieudonné (1906 – 1992)
