I was born in Gary (IN) and studied at the University of Chicago (at age 16) and Harvard.
As a graduate student, I wrote a paper on the interaction of the multiplier and the accelerator that was selected for publication.
As a economist at MIT, I became the world's bestknown economist due to my text Economic (I studied that text in college!).
Also, my two key ideas involved maximization subject to constraints and the use of mathematical models to explain economic data or behavior.
I was awarded the Nobel prize in economic science, but everyone whispered that I also did mathematics.
Answer:
Paul Anthony Samuelson (1915  2009)
