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Born out of wedlock to a wealthy legal notary and a peasant woman, I was apprenticed at age 14 to be educated in the studio of the renowned Florentine painter, Verrocchio.

At age twenty, when I qualified as a master in a guild of artists and doctors of medicine, my father financed me in my own workshop.

Often described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man--a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination"--I was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer.

Knowing I lacked an understanding of mathematics, I studied mathematics under Luca Pacioli in my 40's...the result being a series of drawings of regular solids engraved as plates for Pacioli's book De Divina Proportione.

Revered for my technological ingenuity, I created the first conceptual designs for a helicopter, a tank, concentrated solar power, a calculator, the double hull, and even the basic ideas of plate tectonics.

With my fame being primarily associated with my works as a painter, I focused on capturing the idea of proportion within a human figure, e.g. my drawing of the Vitruvian Man.

Answer: Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (1452 1519)