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When a young child in England, my brother was sent to a prestigous private school and I was taught at home by my mother and a governess (the custom at that time)..then encouraged to be a social worker with the poor, but I wanted to be a doctor.

Passing the entrance examination for Cambridge University, I entered Girton College where on exams I eventually outperformed all of the Oxford students...but since women could not receive formal degrees in England I shifted to graduate study under Felix Klein at the University of Göttingen in Germany.

With special admittance as a woman by the Berlin Ministry of Culture, I became the first woman to attain a doctorate in any field in Germany....after getting special permission to take the doctoral exams, all done in German!

My Ph.D. thesis was on the Algebraic Groups of Spherical Trigonometry, but I had to publish my research under the name of my new husband, who had also been my math tutor.

My husband William and I collaborated on mathematical work throughout our lives (214 articles), yet I was the one to receive the Gamble Prize for my writings on calculus.

My mathematical areas of research interest were set theory, topology, measure theory, integration, Fourier series, and the foundations of differential calculus.

While teaching mathematics and raising a family, I also successfully obtained the long-desired medical degree (except I did not do the internship), learned six languages, wrote a children's book on reproduction, and taught each of my six children a musical instrument.

At start of WWII, I left Switzerland by train for Paris and on the last plane from Paris to England before Paris fell to the Germans...but my husband could not get out and soon died, then two years later I suffered a heart attack and died as well.

Answer: Grace Chisholm Young (1868-1944)