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Born in London, I gained a private education at University College School...then onto a mathematics degree at King's College, Cambridge.

After graduation, I traveled to Germany to study physics and metaphysics at the University of Heidelberg, then to study physiology, Roman Law, medieval/16th century German Literature, and socialism at the University of Berlin...and was even offered a job teaching Germanics back at Kings College.

Instead, I went to London to study law...and at age 24, returned my focus to mathematics, eventually teaching mathematics at King's College, University College in London, Gresham College, and finally the University of London.

I am now regarded as the founder of the area of mathematical statistics, being an initial proponent of the correlation coefficient, method of moments, continuous univariate probability distributions, Chi-square techniques, P-values, and foundations of the statistical hypothesis testing theory.

My book The Grammar of Science was read by Albert Einstein, and later incorporated into his views on relativity.

My special claim to fame is that as a protégé and biographer of Sir Francis Galton, who created the statistical concepts of correlation and regression toward the mean, plus was the first to apply statistical methods to the study of human differences and inheritance of intelligence.

Throughout my life I was known as a "freethinker," socialist, proponent of eugenics (Galton's influence)...and looking back, many consider me to have been a racist.

Answer: Karl Pearson (1857 – 1936)