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The daughter of a high school mathematics teacher in Kologriv, Russia, I was taught to love mathematics by my dad.

When my father was killed in Stalin's gulag, I was denied a position as a university student, plus our family "lived in disgrace and poverty as a family of a class enemy."

Through the help of friends, I eventually entered Moscow State University, received my degree and went on to become one of the greatest mathematicians in Russia...ever!

Working in the area of partial differential equations so dominated by male mathematicians, I published more than 250 books and papers.

Though I gradually lost my sight, I was still doing mathematics at age 81, just prior to my death.

Answer: Olga Ladyzhenskaya (1922-2004)