Starting as a young boy who loved math problems and puzzles, I often am called the Father of Computer Science.
I furthered artificial intelligence notions by inventing a "test" to determine whether a "responder" is a human or a machine.
During World War II, I worked at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking center, and specialized in German Naval cryptanalysis.
After the war, I helped create the first designs for a stored-program computer, eventually incorporated as software for the Manchester Mark I (one of the earliest computers).
In 1952, I was convicted of "acts of gross indecency" and died in 1954 after eating an apple laced with cyanide (many think I committed suicide).
Alan Mathison Turning (1912-1954)