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I was the first of 21 children of a mathematics professor at the University of Bologna.

By age 11, I was fluent in Latin, Greek, Hebrew, French, Spanish, German, and my native language of Italian.

As the first surviving work in mathematics written by a woman, my 1000+ page Instituzioni Analitiche is an attempt to write a complete, unified treatment of algebra and analysis.

In this text, I explored a special versed sine curve (in Latin, the "vertere"), which in translation became confused with the Latin "avversiera" for "witch."

Though perhaps the first female professor on a university faculty, I resigned my position in 1752 to dedicate the remainder of my life to charitable projects and religious meditation.

Answer: Maria Agnesi (1718-1799)