Of SwissGerman descent, I wrote broadly on both mathematical and nonmathematical themes.
I was openly proud of my wide range of abilities; when Frederick the Great asked me which was my best science, I replied "all!"
At a meeting of the Berlin Academy, I gave the first proof (1761) that pi was irrational.
I think I was the first to note that a triangle on a spherical surface has an angle sum greater than two right angles.
I built a version of nonEuclidean geometry through a special quadrilateral, with its three right angles and a fourth angle that was assumed to be acute, right, or obtuse.
I conjectured that this new geometry would involve a sphere of imaginary radius, an idea that eventually developed into that of a pseudosphere with its constant negative curvature.
Answer:
Johann Heinrich Lambert, 17281777
