Fair-Sharing a Meal
There were two men, of whom the first had 3 small loaves of bread and the other 2; they walked to a spring, where they sat down and ate; and a soldier joined them and shared their meal, each of the three eating the same amount; and when all the bread was eaten, the soldier departed, leaving 5 bezants to pay for his meal. The first man accepted 3 of the bezants, since he had 3 loaves, the other took the remaining 2 bezants for his loaves. Was this division fair?
Source: Fibonacci’s Liber Abaci, 1202